Tuesday, February 17, 2009

Q77 A8: Whether all the powers remain in the soul when separated from the body?

No. The body being dead, the sensitive powers do not remain because accidents cannot remain after the destruction of the subject.

Defuncta carne, potentiae sensitivae non manent quia destructo subiecto, non potest accidens remanere.

Wherefore, the composite being destroyed, such powers do not remain actually; but they remain virtually in the soul, as in their principle or root.

Unde, corrupto coniuncto, non manent huiusmodi potentiae actu; sed virtute tantum manent in anima, sicut in principio vel radice.

All the powers of the soul belong to the soul alone as their principle.

Omnes potentiae animae comparantur ad animam solam sicut ad principium.

But some powers belong to the soul alone as their subject: the intelligence and the will. These powers must remain in the soul, after the destruction of the body.

Sed quaedam potentiae comparantur ad animam solam sicut ad subiectum, ut intellectus et voluntas. Et huiusmodi potentiae necesse est quod maneant in anima, corpore destructo.

But other powers are subjected in the composite: all the powers of the sensitive and nutritive parts.

Quaedam vero potentiae sunt in coniuncto sicut in subiecto, sicut omnes potentiae sensitivae partis et nutritivae.

These powers have no act apart from the corporeal organ.

Talium potentiarum nulla est actio nisi per organum corporeum.